Difference in access to Sport during Covid-19 Pandemia

Antonio Brusini

Abstract


Purpose. Practicing a regular physical activity is important for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Favoring the access to sports is fundamental to promote a general well-being. The aim of the present study is to investigate how the COVID-19 Pandemia influenced sport practices, by considering the medical certificate requested in public medical centers on the period from 2018 to 2020 in the population in the province of Modena, Italy. 

Methods. We analyzed 30.353 medical certification requests stratified for age (<18 years, 18-40 years, and >40 years) and for sport disciplines.

Results. Medical certification requests in 2020 were 67.60 % compared the year 2019. The percentage of sport certification requests reduction in the year 2020 is greater than the expected one after correting it in relation to the period of closure of the Sport Medicine Department imposed by the covid-19 emergency. 

Conclusions. The lockdown periods has determined a reduction in the sport certification requests and, thus, probably in competitive sport practice in young athletes in Modena, possibly leading to  negative consequence on future cardiovascular e metabolic risk profile.


Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Mohamadian M, Chiti H, Shoghli A, Biglari S, Parsamanesh N, Esmaeilzadeh A, COVID-19: Virology, biology and novel laboratory diagnosis, J Gene Med. 2021;23(2):e3303 doi:10.1002/jgm.3303

Alsharif W, Qurashi A, Effectiveness of COVID-19 diagnosis and management tools: A review, Radiography (Lond). 2021;27(2):682-687 doi:10.1016/j.radi.2020.09.010

Brusini A, De Marco F, Il calo delle prestazioni assistenziali durante il lockdown da Covid-19 in Italia: revisione da Pubmed, NSC Nursing: 2021, Volume 2, Nr.2, pp. 9-33 doi: 10.32549/OPI-NSC-48

Aghababa A, Zamani Sani SH, Rohani H, Nabilpour M, Badicu G, Fathirezaie Z, et al, No Evidence of Systematic Change of Physical Activity Patterns Before and During the Covid-19 Pandemic and Related Mood States Among Iranian Adults Attending Team Sports Activities, Front Psychol. 2021;12:641895 doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.641895

Mon-López D, García-Aliaga A, Ginés Bartolomé A, Muriarte Solana D, How has COVID-19 modified training and mood in professional and non-professional football players?, Physiol Behav. 2020;227:113148 doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2020.113148

Bull FC, Al-Ansari SS, Biddle S, Borodulin K, Buman MP, Cardon G, et al, World Health Organization. Guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behavior, Br J Sports Med. 2020; 54(24):1451-1462

Corrado D, Basso C, Pavei A, et al. Trends in sudden cardiovascular death in young competitive athletes after implementation of a preparticipation screening program, JAMA 2006;296:1593-1601

Ammar A, Brach M, Trabelsi K, et al. Effects of COVID-19 Home Confinement on Eating Behaviour and Physical Activity: Results of the ECLB-COVID19 International Online Survey. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1583




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v5i3.435

Refback



Copyright (c) 2021 Giornale Italiano di Educazione alla Salute, Sport e Didattica Inclusiva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.