BMI e percezione dell’attività fisica: studio di correlazione

pio alfredo Di Tore, Sergio Bellantonio, Dario Colella


The development of obesity is a complex problem, conditioned by heterogeneous factors. Despite the impressive amount of research, the phenomenon is difficult to investigate, due to the inadequacy of quantitative methods to assess the negative spiral that triggers between self-efficacy perception and physical activity levels. The present study uses tools from quantitative research relating to conditional motor skills and tools coming from qualitative research relating to psychological factors. The hypothesis is that overweight affects not only motor performance, but also related psychological factors (perceived self-efficacy and enjoyment).

The survey was conducted on a group of 177 adolescents (85 males and 92 females) aged between 14 and 18 years in the Puglia region. The subjects, once the quantitative tests were carried out, completed the PAQ_C scales (levels of physical activity in the last week), PACES (Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale) and Motor Self-efficacy questionnaire.

Attested a negative relationship between overweight and motor tests results, a Spearman ranks correlation analysis was carried out to investigate the BMI relationship with the scores obtained at the qualitative scales. A negative correlation was identified between BMI and the scores of scales for all subjects (rs = -0.03; -0.15; -0.09 for PAQ_C, PACES and SEM).

Based on the analysis of the collected data, adolescents with a high BMI have a high probability of developing adverse perceptions of their effectiveness and facing a high risk of sedentary behaviors.


Livelli di attività fisica. Promozione della salute; enjoyment

Full Text:

PDF (Italiano)


Anderson, S. E., Bandini, L., Dietz, W., & Must, A. (2004). Relationship between temperament, nonresting energy expenditure, body composition, and physical activity in girls. International journal of obesity, 28(2), 300.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. In: New York: Freeman.

Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: An agentic perspective. Annual review of psychology, 52(1), 1-26.

Carraro, A., Young, M. C., & Robazza, C. (2008). A contribution to the validation of the physical activity enjoyment scale in an Italian sample. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 36(7), 911-918.

Colella, D., Morano, M., Bortoli, L., & Robazza, C. (2008). A physical self-efficacy scale for children. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 36(6), 841-848.

Crocker, P., Bailey, D. A., Faulkner, R. A., Kowalski, K. C., & McGrath, R. (1997). Measuring general levels of physical activity: preliminary evidence for the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 29(10), 1344-1349.

D’Isanto, T., Manna, A., & Altavilla, G. (2017). Health and physical activity. Sport Science, 10(1), 100-105.

Kelly, E. B., Parra-Medina, D., Pfeiffer, K. A., Dowda, M., Conway, T. L., Webber, L. S., . . . Pate, R. R. (2010). Correlates of physical activity in black, Hispanic, and white middle school girls. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(2), 184-193.

Kendzierski, D., & DeCarlo, K. J. (1991). Physical activity enjoyment scale: Two validation studies. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 13(1), 50-64.

Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R., & Faulkner, R. A. (1997). Validation of the physical activity questionnaire for older children. Pediatric exercise science, 9(2), 174-186.

Krebs, N. F., & Jacobson, M. S. (2003). Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. Pediatrics, 112(2), 424-430.

Martens, R. (1996). Turning kids on to physical activity for a lifetime. Quest, 48(3), 303-310.

Raustorp, A., Ståhle, A., Gudasic, H., Kinnunen, A., & Mattsson, E. (2005). Physical activity and self‐perception in school children assessed with the Children and Youth–Physical Self‐Perception Profile. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 15(2), 126-134.

Valentini, M., Riccardi, F., Raiola, G., & Federici, A. (2018). Educational research: motor area and relational area during children's personality development. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, 2157.

Van Zant, R. S., & Toney, J. (2012). Negative correlation between body mass index category and physical activity perceptions in children. Physiotherapy theory and practice, 28(7), 529-534.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Giornale Italiano di Educazione alla Salute, Sport e Didattica Inclusiva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Italian Journal of Health Education, Sports and Inclusive Didactics 
ISSN: 2532-3296