APPRENDERE E COMUNICARE ATTRAVERSO L’IMITAZIONE. STRATEGIE E APPROCCI EDUCATIVO-DIDATTICI PER BAMBINI CON DISTURBO DELLO SPETTRO AUTISTICO

Emanuela Zappalà, Michela Galdieri

Abstract


Il processo imitativo, sin dalla primissima infanzia, può rappresentare per il bambino un’opportunità di crescita e di apprendimento di nuove azioni, un’occasione per stabilire relazioni sociali e comunicare con l’altro. Tuttavia, le difficoltà nell’imitazione manifestate dai bambini con Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico, possono ostacolare lo sviluppo comunicativo, linguistico e dell’intersoggettività. Diventa indispensabile individuare strategie che, precocemente, stimolino ciascun bambino sul piano imitativo a partire da situazioni di gioco e di vita quotidiana molteplici e diversificate, nelle quali i partner e gli oggetti svolgano una funzione attivante. Il lavoro sulle abilità di imitazione, in tal senso, costituisce un tassello significativo per migliorare le abilità sociali e comunicative del bambino con Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico sfruttando anche le potenzialità di approcci come la CAA, il PECS e il Video-modeling.


Parole chiave


Imitazione; didattica speciale; Disturbo dello Spettro Autistico; CAA

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