GIOVANI, DIETA MEDITERRANEA E ATTIVITÀ FISICA: STUDIO TRASVERSALE YOUTH, MEDITERRANEAN DIET AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

Ilaria Loperto, Paola Bonfigli, Clorinda Sorrentino, Angela Vivona, Lucia Martiniello, Lucia De Coppi

Abstract


Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (AMD) and a good level of physical activity (LPA) are associated with a better quality of life and lower mortality and morbidity.

The purpose of the study is to evaluate AMD and LPA in relation to socio-economic factors, knowledge and attitudes through an online questionnaire. The KIDMED and IPAQ questionnaires were used to evaluate AMD and LPA.

648 subjects, 70 males and 578 females, aged between 15 and 30 years were recruited. 57.87% of subjects have high AMD, 35.80% medium and 6.33% low; 12.96% of the subjects are inactive, 41.98% sufficiently active, 45.06% active or very active.

Multivariate analysis highlights negative association between AMD and smoking (OR:0.553, p=0.004) and alcohol (OR:0.399, p=0.001), positive with sport (OR:14.345, p=0.002), level of knowledge (OR:1.547, p=0.001) and information obtained from healthcare professionals (OR:3.969, p=0.018).

For the IPAQ score, there is a negative association with BMI (OR:0.909, p=0.015). Instead, the positive association with KIDMED is confirmed (OR:1.195, p=0.002).

In conclusion, the results emphasize the importance of knowledge and authority of the source of information, as well as confirming the association between incorrect lifestyles. It is essential to increase the training opportunities for young people through authoritative professional figures.

 

L’aderenza alla dieta mediterranea (ADM) e un buon livello di attività fisica (LAF) sono associati ad una migliore qualità della vita ed a una minore mortalità e morbilità.

L’obiettivo dello studio è valutare ADM e LAF in relazione a fattori socioeconomici, conoscenze e attitudini tramite un questionario online. I questionari KIDMED e IPAQ sono stati usati per valutare ADM e LAF.

Sono stati reclutati 648 soggetti, 70 maschi e 578 femmine, di età tra 15 e 30 anni. Il 57.87% dei soggetti ha alta ADM, il 35.80% media e il 6.33% bassa; il 12.96% dei soggetti è inattivo, il 41.98% sufficientemente attivo, il 45.06% attivo o molto attivo.

L’analisi multivariata evidenzia associazione negativa tra ADM e fumo (OR:0.553, p=0.004) e alcol (OR:0.399, p=0.001), positiva con lo sport (OR:14.345, p=0.002), il livello di conoscenze (OR:1.547, p=0.001) e informazioni reperite da personale sanitario (OR:3.969, p=0.018).

Per l’IPAQ score, vi è un’associazione negativa con il BMI (OR:0.909, p=0.015). Si conferma, invece, l’associazione positiva con il KIDMED (OR:1.195, p=0.002).

In conclusione, i risultati pongono l’accento sull’importanza della conoscenza e dell’autorità della fonte di informazioni, oltre a confermare cognizioni già note come l’associazione tra stili di vita errati. Risulta fondamentale aumentare le opportunità di formazione per i giovani tramite figure professionali autorevoli in un determinato setting.


Parole chiave


Mediterranean Diet, KIDMED, IPAQ, knowledge

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v5i2.358

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