ONLINE ADAPTED PHYSICAL ACTIVITY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC: INVESTIGATION OF A PILOT EXPERIENCE

Claudia Maulini, Mascia Migliorati, Domenico Tafuri, Enrico Miatto

Abstract


The crucial role of adapted physical activity (AFA), addressed to elderly people or people with chronic degenerative diseases, in counteracting the decline of functional capacities and in positively affecting the maintenance and/or improvement of motor skills necessary for autonomy and participation in activities, the expansion of social relationships, and the maintenance and/or acquisition of new roles in the community is now widely recognized. The physical distancing imposed by the health emergency from the new coronavirus SARS CoV-2 and the consequent closure of gyms has led to the discontinuation of physical activity courses aimed at people with chronic degenerative diseases and the elderly. In Umbria a pilot project was initiated to transfer the courses that were held in presence to a digital platform. The work presents the results of a survey that aimed to find out the perception of participants in online physical activity courses with respect to meanings, motivations, expectations, advantages and disadvantages, and those in the gym.  


É ormai ampiamente riconosciuto il ruolo fondamentale dell'attività fisica adattata (AFA), rivolta a persone anziane o con malattie cronico degenerative, nel contrastare il declino delle capacità funzionali e nell’incidere positivamente sul mantenimento e/o miglioramento delle abilità motorie necessarie all’autonomia e alla partecipazione ad attività, all'ampliamento dei rapporti sociali, al mantenimento e/o all’acquisizione di nuovi ruoli nella comunità di appartenenza. Il distanziamento fisico imposto dall’emergenza sanitaria da nuovo coronavirus SARS CoV-2 e la conseguente chiusura delle palestre ha portato all’interruzione di corsi di attività fisica rivolti a persone con malattie cronico degenerative e ad anziani. In Umbria è stata avviata un’esperienza pilota che ha inteso trasferire i corsi che si svolgevano in presenza su piattaforma digitale. Il lavoro presenta i risultati di un'indagine che ha inteso conoscere la percezione dei partecipanti ai corsi di attività fisica online rispetto a significati, motivazioni, aspettative, vantaggi e svantaggi e quella in palestra.


Parole chiave


adapted physical activity online, chronic degenerative diseases, elderly, new technologies;attività fisica adattata online, malattie cronico degenerative, anziani, nuove tecnologie

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v5i1.323

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