Cristiana D'Anna, Benedetta Romano, Rodolfo Vastola


The theoretical framework that is emerging thanks to the most recent neuroscientific studies provides new methodological trajectories that can make more effective and functional teaching choices by teachers and coaches in the design of practical interventions. The traditional approach, that focuses on physical aspects of movement, does not always succeed in producing effective results. In addition, this approach has the limit of not being able to understand the problem of the executive variability of movement determined by the intrinsic complexity of learning functional or sports movement skills. Numerous studies carried out in recent decades according to the ecological perspective of Gibson emphasize the qualitative aspects of movement considering motor coordination as an organization emerging; this approach seeks to understand and analyse globally the ability of movement in its various forms and levels of complexity, focusing on the complex interaction between individual and environment and the circular relationship between perception and action. Starting from the Constraints Led Approach and acting on the manipulation of the task constraint, this research aims to test by a pre-experimental study the performances of a group of subjects before and after a specific sensorimotor training. The design of learning environments rich in affordances, multimodal inputs both with stabilizing objective and aimed at the exploration of movement and the demand for new auto-organizations, promoted in the learners greater control and balance management during the ability of walking backwards.

Parole chiave

Affordance, children, motor learning, motor skills, teaching.

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