Stefania Morsanuto, Luigi Piceci, Francesco Peuso Cassese


In contemporary debates, it is widely believed that resilience is concerned with the ability to cope with stress or, more precisely, to return to some form of normal condition after a period of stress. In psychological field, it indicates the individual's ability to resist traumatic events or adverse events in order to overcome them. Resilience is a personal characteristic, although it is more commonly understood as a  dynamic process of positive adaptation (Block, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1980; Egeland, Carlson, 1993). This research analyses the development of resilience skills through motor assistance. The experimental study carried out on 99 adult users with disabilities aims at finding a correlation between individual well-being (measured in improving social, emotional, attentional and motor skills) and individual resilience through therapeutic interventions. The data analysis has then been crossed between users present in the activities examined (sport and pet-therapy) and the characteristics of the family (proactive, problematic, or absent). This work underlines the importance of synergistic work between educators and family in order to develop positive coping strategies and resilience.


Nei dibattiti contemporanei, si ritiene che la resilienza riguardi la capacità di far fronte allo stress o, più precisamente, di tornare ad una condizione di normalità dopo un periodo di stress. In campo psicologico, indica la capacità dell'individuo di resistere a eventi traumatici o eventi avversi al fine di superarli. La resilienza è una caratteristica personale, sebbene sia più comunemente intesa come un processo dinamico di adattamento positivo (Block, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1980; Egeland, Carlson, 1993). Questa ricerca analizza lo sviluppo delle capacità di resilienza nella disabilità cognitiva adulta, attraverso l'attività motoria. Lo studio sperimentale condotto su 99 utenti adulti con disabilità mira a trovare una correlazione tra benessere individuale (misurato nel miglioramento delle abilità sociali, emotive, attenzionali e motorie) e resilienza individuale attraverso interventi terapeutici. L'analisi dei dati è stata quindi correlata tra gli utenti presenti nelle attività esaminate (sport e pet terapia) e le caratteristiche della famiglia (proattiva, problematica o assente). Questo lavoro sottolinea l'importanza dell’alleanza educativa fra professionisti e famiglia al fine di sviluppare strategie di coping positive e resilienza.


Cognitive disability, Sports, family context, education, resilience

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v4i3.207


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