Anziani fragili e contrasto della sedentarietà durante il periodo di restrizione della mobilità personale: metodi e contenuti dell’intervento

Italo Sannicandro

Abstract


Lo studio analizza la condizione dell'anziano fragile durante la recente pandemia e tratteggia i potenziali rischi della salute derivanti da stili di vita sedentari.

Evidenzia, altresì, il rischio che l'anziano fragile sia escluso da percorsi di educazione permanente relativa alla corporeità ed alla tutela della salute in modo consapevole ed attivo.

Si delineano le strategie messe in atto durante il periodo di restrzione della mobilità personale durato circa due mesi


Parole chiave


inclusione, stili di vita, fragilità, scienze motorie

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Benetton, M., (2014). Educazione all'attività motoria e sportiva per il divenire dell'età anziana. Rivista Formazione, Lavoro, Persona, 11, 1-17

Chodzko-Zajko, W.J., Proctor, D.N., Fiatarone Singh, M.A., Minson, C.T., Nigg, C.R., Salem, G.J., & Skinner, J.S. (2009). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41(7), 1510-30.

Climie, R.E., Grace, M.S., Larsen, R.L., Dempsey, P.C., Oberoi, J., Cohen, N.D., Owen, N., Kingwell, B.A., & Dunstan, D.W. (2018). Regular Brief Interruptions to Sitting After a High-Energy Evening Meal Attenuate Glycemic Excursions in Overweight/Obese Adults. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 28 (9), 909-916.

Correa, C.S., Cunha, G., Marques, N., Oliveira-Reischak, A., & Pinto, R. (2016). Effects of Strength Training, Detraining and Retraining in Muscle Strength, Hypertrophy and Functional Tasks in Older Female Adults. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging, 36, 306-310.

Dunsky, A. (2019). The effect of balance and coordination exercises on quality of life in older adults: a mini-review. Front Aging Neurosci, 11:318.

Esain, I., Gil, S.M., Bidaurrazaga-Letona I., & Rodriguez-Larrad A. (2019). Effects of 3 months of detraining on functional fitness and quality of life in older adults who regularly exercise. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 31, 503–510.

European Heart Network. (2019). Physical activity policies for cardiovascular health.

Gasperi, E., (2011). Sull’invecchiamento. Studium Educationis, 1, 75-90

Gasperi, E., Gregianin, A., (2015). La casa dell’anziano, luogo di incontro intergenerazionale. http://rivista.edaforum.it/numero25/monografico_gasperi_gregianin.html

Gebel, K., Ding, D., Chey, T., Stamatakis, E., Brown, W.J., & Bauman, A.E. (2015). Effect of moderate to vigorous physical activity on all-cause mortality in middle-aged and older Australians. JAMA Intern Med, 175(6), 970-7.

Giboin, L.S., Gruber, M., & Kramer. A. (2015). Task-specificity of balance training. Human Movement Science, 44, 22–31.

Gillette, D.B., Oza, P., & Davenport, T.E. (2019). Screening of Physical Activity Levels in Older Adults at a Community-Based Health Fair: A Feasibility Study. Pacific Journal of Health, 2(1), 2.

Golubic, R., Wijndaele, K., Sharp, S.J., Simmons, R.K., Griffin, S.J., Wareham, N.J., Ekelund, U., & Brage. S. (2015). Physical activity, sedentary time and gain in overall and central body fat: 7-year follow-up of the ProActive trial cohort. Int J Obes (Lond), 39(1), 142-8.

Grabiner, M.D., Crenshaw, J.R., Hurt, C.P., Rosenblatt, N.J., & Troy, K.L. (2014). Exercise-based fall prevention: Can you be a bit more specific. Exerc Sport Sci Rev, 42, 161–168.

Granacher, U., Gruber, M., & Gollhofer, A. (2010). Force production capacity and functional reflex activity in young and elderly men. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 22, 374-382.

Granacher, U., Bridenbaugh, S.A., Muehlbauer, T., Wehrled, A., & Kressig, R.W. (2011). Age-related effects on postural control under multi-task conditions. Gerontology, 57, 247–255.

Granacher, U., Muehlbauer, T., & Gruber. M. (2012). A qualitative review of balance and strength performance in healthy older adults: impact for testing and training. J Aging Res, doi:10.1155/2012/708905.

Hammami, A., Harrabi, B., Mohr M., & Krustrup, P. (2020). Physical activity and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): specific recommendations for home-based physical training, Managing Sport and Leisure, DOI: 10.1080/23750472.2020.1757494

Higueras-Fresnillo, S., Guallar-Castillón, P., Cabanas-Sanchez, V., Banegas, J.,R., Rodríguez-Artalejo, F., & Martinez-Gomez, D. (2017). Changes in physical activity and cardiovascular mortality in older adults. J Geriatr Cardiol, 14(4), 280-281.

Hupin, D., Roche, F., Gremeaux, V., Chatard, J.C., Oriol, M., Gaspoz, J.M., Barthélémy J.C., & Edouard P. (2015). Even a low-dose of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity reduces mortality by 22% in adults aged ≥60 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, 49(19), 1262-7.

Kahana, E., Kahana, B. (2002). Long-Term Impact of Preventive Proactivity on Quality of Life in the Old-Old, Psychosomatic Medicine, LXIV.

Lewis, Z.H., Markides, K.S., Ottenbacher, K.J., & Al Snih, S. (2018). The impact of 10-year physical activity changes on 7-year mortality in older Mexican Americans. J Phys Act Health, 15(1), 30-39.

Liu, C.J., & Latham, N.K. (2009). Progressive resistance strength training for improving physical function in older adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 8(3).

Lobo, A., Carvalho, J., & Santos, P. (2010). Effects of Training and Detraining on Physical Fitness, Physical Activity Patterns, Cardiovascular Variables, and HRQ o Lafter 3Health-Promotion Intervention sin Institutionalized Elders. International Journal of Family Medicine, ID:486097, doi:10.1155/2010/486097.

Loprinzi, P.D. (2015). Frequency of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is a greater predictor of systemic inflammation than total weekly volume of MVPA: Implications for physical activity promotion. Physiol Behav, 141, 46-50.

Madruga, M., Prieto, J., Rohlfs, P., & Gusi N. (2020). Cost-Effectiveness and Effects of a Home-Based Exercise Intervention for Female Caregivers of Relatives with Dementia: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial. Healthcare, 8, 54.

Marston, K.J., Brown, B.M., Rainey-Smith S.R., & Peiffer J.J. (2019). Resistance Exercise-Induced Responses in Physiological Factors Linked with Cognitive Health. J Alzheimers Dis, 68(1), 39-64.

Milella, M. (2015). Esplorare il possibile per costruire il futuro. Metis, 6, 1-8

Müller, C., Lautenschlӓger, S., Dӧrge, C., & Voigt-Radloff, S. (2019a). Development of a lifestyle-integrated physical exercise training and home modification intervention for older people living in a community with a risk of falling (Part 1): the FIT-at-Home fall prevention program. Disabil Rehabil, 24, 1-13.

Müller, C., Lautenschlӓger, S., Dӧrge, C., & Voigt-Radloff, S. (2019b). A feasibility study of a home-based lifestyle-integrated physical exercise training and home modification for community-living older people (Part 2): the FIT-at-Home fall prevention program. Disabil Rehabil, 22, 1-11.

Oliveira, R., Santa-Marinha, C., Leão, R., Monteiro, D., Bento, T., Santos Rocha, R., & Brito, J.P. (2017). Exercise training programs and detraining in older women. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 12(1), 142-155.

Onerup, A., Thӧrn, S.E., Angenete, E., Bock, D., Grybӓck Gillheimer, E., Haglind, E., & Nilsson, H. (2020). Effects of a home-based exercise program on the insulin-like growth factor axis in patients operated for colorectal cancer in Sweden: results from the randomised controlled trial PHYSSURG-C. Growth Horm IGF Res, in press.

Owen, N., Healy, G.N., Matthews, C.E., & Dunstan, D.W. (2010). Too much sitting: the population health science of sedentary behavior. Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev., 38(3), 105-113.

Saint-Maurice, P.F., Coughlan, D., Kelly, S.P., Keadle, S.K., Cook, M.B., Carlson, S.A., Fulton, J.E, & Matthews, C.E. (2019). Association of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Across the Adult Life

Course With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality. JAMA Network Open, 2(3):e190355.

Sannicandro, I., (2014). L’attività fisica come risorsa per la cura dell’anziano: un progetto del territorio. In Volpicella, A.M., (2014). Ri-pensare le vecchiaie, Pensa Multimedia, Lecce, 63-72

Sannicandro, I., Colella, D., Rosa, A.R., & Manno, R. (2008). Motor load modulation in adults and elderly people: effects of different training protocols on strength, flexibility and endurance. Medicina dello Sport, 61, 443-454.

Scott, S.N., Shepherd, S.O., Strauss, J.A., Wagenmakers, A.J.M., & Cocks M. (2020). Home-based high-intensity interval training reduces barriers to exercise in people with type 1 diabetes. Exp Physiol, in press.

Tao, G., Miller, W.C., Eng, J.J., Lindstrom, H., Imam, B., & Payne, M. (2020). Self-directed usage of an in-home exergame after a supervised telerehabilitation training program for older adults with lower-limb amputation. Prosthet Orthot Int, in press.

Thompson, W.R., Sallis, R., Joy, E., Jaworski, C.A., Stuhr, R., Trilk, J.L., (2020). Exercise is medicine. American Journal Lifesyle, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827620912192

Trudelle-Jackson, E., Hines, E., Medley, A., & Thompson, M. (2020). Exploration of habitual walking behavior and home-based muscle power training in individuals with total knee arthroplasty. J Phys Act Health, in press.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2019). Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. 2nd edition. Washington, USA.

Vidal-Almela, S., Czajkowski, B., Prince, S.A., Chirico, D., Way, K.L., Pipe, A.L., & Reed J.L. (2020). Lessons learned from community- and home-based physical activity programs: A narrative review of factors influencing women’s participation in cardiac rehabilitation. Eur J Prev Cardiol, in press.

Volpicella, A.M., (2014). Ri-pensare le vecchiaie, Pensa Multimedia, Lecce

Wahid, A., Manek, N., Nichols, M., KellY, P., Foster, C., Webster, P., Kaur, A., Friedemann Smith, C., Wilkins, E., Rayner, M., Roberts N., & Scarborough P. (2016). Quantifying the association between physical activity and cardiovascular disease and diabetes: a systematic review and meta- analysis. J Am Heart Assoc, 14, 5(9):e002495.

W.H.O., https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---20-march-2020

Wittwer, J.E., Winbolt, M., & Morris, M.E. (2020). Home-based gait training using rhythmic auditory cues in Alzheimer’s disease: feasibility and outcomes. Front Med (Lausanne), 31(6), 335.

Wood, W.A., Weaver, M., Smith-Ryan, A.E., Hanson, E.D., Shea, T.C., & Battaglini C.L. (2020). Lessons learned from a pilot randomized clinical trial of home-based exercise prescription before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Support Care Cancer, in press.

Zambianchi, M., Ricci Bitti, P. E. (2012). Invecchiamento positivo, Roma: Carocci.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v4i3.187

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.

Commenti su questo articolo

Vedi tutti i commenti


Copyright (c) 2020 Giornale Italiano di Educazione alla Salute, Sport e Didattica Inclusiva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.