THE EDUCATIONAL AND DIS-EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY: RISKS AND BENEFITS OVER THE LIFE SPAN

Patrizia Oliva, Federica Andricciola, Teresa Iona

Abstract


L'attività fisica abituale fornisce benefici sia fisici che psicologici, ma se l'esercizio è eccessivo può portare a molte conseguenze negative e può manifestarsi in comportamenti disfunzionali, come la dipendenza dall'esercizio. Lo scopo principale di questo studio era di esaminare le differenze nel comportamento alimentare, negli stati d'animo e nella motivazione autodeterminata tra gruppi di persone dipendenti dall'esercizio (a rischio vs. non dipendenti-sintomatiche vs. non dipendenti-asintomatiche). Per questo studio sono stati selezionati 90 atleti (45 maschi e 45 femmine) che praticavano attività fisica regolarmente da più di un anno. Utilizzando il questionario EDS-21, i partecipanti sono stati classificati come a rischio (n=30), non dipendenti-sintomatici (n=30) e non dipendenti-asintomatici (n=30) per dipendenza da esercizio. Tutti i soggetti hanno completato la scala di dipendenza dall'esercizio (EDS-21); il Profilo degli Stati dell'Umore (POMS); il questionario sugli esercizi di regolamentazione comportamentale-2 (BREQ-2) e l'inventario sui disordini alimentari-2 (EDI-2). I risultati sembrano confermare la relazione tra dipendenza dall'esercizio e comportamento alimentare e suggeriscono che la regolazione comportamentale è significativamente diversa tra tutti e tre i gruppi. Inoltre, i dati mostrano che gli atleti che segnalano stati d'animo relativamente più negativi durante l'esercizio hanno maggiori probabilità di essere dipendenti dall'esercizio. I risultati offrono supporto per ricerche precedenti che hanno considerato i fattori esaminati come un antecedente critico della dipendenza dall'esercizio e suggeriscono anche l'importanza di analizzare i comportamenti disfunzionali come espressione di un disagio percepito più ampio in diversi contesti educativi.


Keywords


Physical exercise, Emotional functioning, Exercise regulation, Eating behaviors

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v8i1.1063

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