The use of motor imagery in physical education and sport

Salvatore Napolitano, Antonio Ascione


The motor imagery is a cognitive process of mental simulation of actions in absence of movement. There are two methods to improve skills learning trough motor imagery: in first person and In third person. The biological basis on which the motor imagery theory is founded, is fonned by: mirror neurons. The aim wants to evaluate the effects of motor imagery practice in training. It is an experimental approach and it consists of two steps.

The results are based on the assumption neuro-scientific by the activity of mirror neurons that allow you to use the same nervous substrate for actions performed or observed, or thought. Interpretation of data concerning evaluation of others, namely evaluation of the athletes towards the companions emerged a more low outside awareness of the motor act that is looked. In this study two basic aspects of the performance are examined: the motor execution and the motor imagine. Both share the same neuro-motor mechanism: the motor imagery.

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