COVID-19 PANDEMIC EFFECTS ON BLIND SUBJECTS

Pietro Montesano, Giuseppe Madonna

Abstract


The behavior of blind children/adolescents changed profoundly during the lockdown period. Forced inactivity and prolonged physical distancing led to changes in social behavior. The daily habits of relationships, school and sports activities to be carried out in presence were distorted by the restrictions resulting from the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. The effects of this pandemic were substantial and the real consequences are still unknown. Blind subjects showed a regression in the autonomies they had gained, weight gain and the assumption of implosive postural vices, indicating further acquired discomfort.


Parole chiave


Covid-19, Physical activity, blind, posture

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Anokye, N.K.; Trueman, P.; Green, C.; Pavey, T.G.; Taylor, R.S. (2012), Physical activity and health related quality of life. BMC Public Health. 12, 624

Budde H., Voelcker-Rehage C., Pietrabyk-Kendziorra S., Ribeiro P., Tidow G. (2008), Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents, Neurosci Lett, Aug 22; 441(2), pp. 219-23

Di Onofrio V., Montesano P., Mazzeo F. (2019), Physical-technical conditions, coaching and nutrition: An integrated approach to promote cohesion in sports team, JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE, VOL. 14 | Proc4, Supplementary Issue, pp. 981-990, ISSN 1988-5202 doi:10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.60

Di Russo, F., Bultrini, A., Brunelli, S., Delussu, A.S., Polidori, L., Taddei, F. et al. (2010). Benefits of sports participation for executive function in disabled athletes. Journal of Neurotrauma, 12, 2309-2319.

Duda, J.L., Chi, L., Newton, M.L., Walling, M.D., & Catley, D. (1995). Task and Ego Orientation and Intrinsic Motivation in Sport. Int. J. Sport. Psychol., 26, 40-63.

Juonala, M, Magnussen, C.G., Berenson, G.S. et al. (2011). Childhood adiposity, adult adiposity, and cardiovascular risk factors. N Engl J Med, 365:1876–1885.

Justine, M.; Azizan, A.; Hassan, V.; Salleh, Z.; Manaf, H. (2013), Barriers to participation in physical activity and exercise among middle-aged and elderly individuals. Singap. Med. J., 54, 581–586

Kohl, H.W.; Craig, C.L.; Lambert, E.V.; Inoue, S.; Alkandari, J.R.; Leetongin, G.; Kahlmeier, S. (2012), The pandemic of physical inactivity: Global action for public health. Lancet, 380, 294–305

Lee, I.M. ; Shiroma, E.J.; Lobelo, F.; Puska, P.; Blair, S.N.; Katzmarzyk, P.T. (2012), Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: An analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet, 380, 219–229

Mazzeo, F. (2016b). Current concept of obesity. Sport Science, 9(2), 42-48

Montesano P., Mazzeo F. (2019), Sports Activities in Obese Teenagers Improve Social Inclusion and Health. Sport Mont, 17, 55–60

Montesano, P., & Mazzeo, F. (2018). Pilates improvement the individual basics of service and smash in volleyball. Sport Mont, 16(3), 25-30.

Montesano, P., Peluso Cassese, F., & Tafuri, D. (2016). Analisi di una proposta inclusiva per soggetti BES attraverso la pratica sportiva di squadra. Giornale Italiano della Ricerca Educativa – Italian Journal of Educational Research, IX, 17, 183.

Pignato, S., Coppola, R., & Manzo, G. (2016). Valutazione comparativa di modelli di insegnamento di educazione fisica. Formazione & Insegnamento,XIV, 1, Supplemento,133-146

Pirola, V. (2005). Cinesiologia. Il movimento umano applicato all’educazione e alle attività sportive. Milano: EDI ERMES.

Rogers, C. (1973), Libertà nell’apprendimento, Florence: Giunti Editore.

Sirico F, Miressi S, Castaldo C, Spera R, Montagnani S, Di Meglio F,

Nurzynska D. (2018), Habits and beliefs related to food supplements:

Results of a survey among Italian students of different education fields and levels. PLoS One. 2018 Jan 19;13(1):e0191424. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191424.

Spera R, Belviso I, Sirico F, Palermi S, Massa M, Mazzeo F, Montesano P. (2019), Jump and balance test in judo athletes with or without visual impairments, JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE, VOL. 14 | Proc4 | Supplementary Issue, pp937-947 - ISSN 1988-5202 DOI: 10.14198/jhse., 14.Proc4.56.

Vaz, G., Roussouly, P., Berthonnaud, E., & Dimnet, J. (2002). Sagittal morphology and equilibrium of pelvis and spine. Eur Spine J., 11, 80-87. vatz

Vitale J.A. , Weydahl A. (2017), Chronotype, physical activity, and sport performance: a systematic review, Sports Med., 47 (9), pp. 1859-1868

WHO. Global Action Plan on Physical Activity 2018–2030: More Active People for a Healthier World. Available online: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272722/9789241514187-eng.pdf (accessed on 5 May 2020).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32043/gsd.v4i2.198

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.


Copyright (c) 2020 Giornale Italiano di Educazione alla Salute, Sport e Didattica Inclusiva

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.